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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/2541

Title: DISTINCTIVENESS EFFECTS IN INTERGROUP PERCEPTIONS : AN INTERNATIONAL STUDY
Other Titles: 内集団知覚における弁別効果の比較文化的研究
Authors: Saito, Isamu
Stephan, Walter G.
Stephan, Cookie White
Abalakina, Marina
Ageyev, Vladimir
Blanco, Amalio
Bond, Michael
Wenzel, Brenda
Turcinovic, Petar
斉藤, 勇
Rissho University/New Mexico State University/New Mexico State University/Moscow State University/Moscow State University/Universidad Automoma de Madrid/The Chinese University of Hong Kong/New Mexico State University/University of Rijeka
Issue Date: 20-Mar-1996
Publisher: 立正大学文学部
Abstract: Based on social identity and self categorization theories, it was predicted that people would make predominantly favorable distinctions between their own and other countries on relevant traits. Subjects from 6 countries (Hong Kong, Japan, Russia, Spain, the United States, and Croatia) rated Japan, Russia, the United States, and their own nation on 10 traits. The results indicated that for traits relevant to the ingroup, a nearly equivalent number of favourable and unfavorable distinctions between the ingroup and the outgroup were made. For non-relevant traits, a greater number of distinctions that were unfavorable to the ingroup were made. Although a substantial number of distinctiveness effects was obtained, the pattern of results did not support social identity theory or social categorization theory. The results were interpreted in terms of the salience of certain traits due to recent events in these countries. It is suggested that nationality may not play an important role in the identity of modern students, except when national identities are threatened during periods of political or economic instability.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/2541
Appears in Collections:12号

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