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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/4986

Title: On the historical significance and the current problems on Fundamental Law of Education (1947) in Japan
Authors: NAMIMOTO, Katsutoshi
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2005
Publisher: 立正大学心理学部
Abstract: Fundamental Law of Education regulates what education in Japan now should be basically. More precisely speaking, it is this Law that rules whole education in Japan legally. Fundamental Law of Education was established after the Second World War, proclaimed on 31 March, 1947, which is inseparably related to the Constitution of Japan , declaring world peace, proclaimed on 3 November, 1946. Education in postwar Japan has started with the basic principles such as individual dignity, truth, and pacifism under Fundamental Law of Education, replacing the militaristic and ultra-nationalistic education before the war, which forced loyalty to the Emperor. Since the outbreak of the Korean War, 25 June, 1950, however, the rearmament of Japan against the philosophy of peace in the Constitution has proceeded. The Self-Defense Force (SDF) has been improved to be a leading “army”in the world,“modernized”with the economic growth in Japan. And the significance of peace education in Japan has been tormented by the government gradually. As Fundamental Law of Education as well as the Constitution of Japan has been an encumbrance for the government which is concerned to work in cooperation with USA through the resource to the Gulf War (1991) and the dispatch of SDF to Iraq, the revision of these two laws is being a politically significant problem. Now in the 21 century,the educational world in Japan is shaken for the revision on Fundamental Law of Education widely.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/4986
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