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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/5771

Title: 潜在的・顕在的自尊心の高低と抑うつとの関連について
Other Titles: Correlations between the level of implicit/explicit self-esteem and depression
Authors: 片受, 靖
濱, 洋子
KATAUKE, Yasushi
HAMA, Youko
Keywords: Paper-and-pencil AIT
implicit self-esteem
explicit self-esteem
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2016
Abstract:  In this study, we have studied the correlations between the level of implicit self-esteem and depression. An experimental survey using a paper and pencil version of the Implicit Association Test( IAT) and a questionnaire were conducted against college students. The questionnaire included the Explicit Self-Esteem Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and depression scales such as Subjective Adjustment Scale for Adolescents, Self-Oriented Perfectionism Scale, and Subjective Well-Being Scale. The results of the surveys were analyzed from the perspectives of gender and grade differences as well as the level of implicit and explicit self-esteem. From the assessment of the survey results, we have evolved the following hypothesis:( 1) Implicit and explicit self-esteem are independent and not correlated. (2) When the levels of implicit and explicit self-esteem are inconsistent, the depression level would be higher than when they are consistent. Previous studies have reported that when the levels of implicit and explicit self-esteem are inconsistent, people are motivated to solve the inconsistency. The development of social maladjustment was expected as a consequence. The results supported Hypothesis (1) whereas Hypothesis (2) was not proven to be true. This result might have been caused by the issue in the survey control (experimental survey method, participants, and research designs). People with high self-esteem had lower depression, were more adaptive, and had higher well-being compared to those with low self-esteem. These results supported the previous studies related to explicit self-esteem. The reason why Hypothesis( 2) was not supported may be because of the difficulty of precise measurement and detailed observation of the psychological adjustment in the case of depression with the researches focused only on explicit self-esteem using self-administered questionnaires.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/5771
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