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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6566

Title: なぜ主張の際に他者配慮をするのか?―大学生における理由の検討―
Other Titles: Why do undergraduate students consider others when being assertive?
Authors: 江口, めぐみ
EGUCHI, Megumi
Keywords: consideration for others
assertiveness
interpersonal communication
university students
他者配慮
主張性
対人コミュニケーション
大学生
Issue Date: 30-Mar-2018
Publisher: 立正大学心理学研究所
Abstract:  The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons for people to be“ considerate of others” while being assertive and to construct a scale to measure this feature of assertion that is both reliable and valid.  In Study I, 228 university students wrote essays about the reasons why being “considerate of others” is important in interpersonal communication. The scripts were analyzed using the KJ method to create a scale. A 30-item scale, based on five categories, was developed.  In Study II, 171 university students completed the temporary scale. A factor analysis was conducted and the“ reasons for being considerate of others” scale was developed. It comprised 21 items and was organized into 3 subscales: “impression management,” “maintenance of relationship,” and “self-affirmation.” This scale was tested for reliability and validity. Gender differences were found to affect results significantly, with female students’ scores significantly higher than those of male students.
 本研究の目的は、大学生の主張における他者配慮の理由について実態を把握するとともに、測定尺度を作成し、その構造を検討することであった。調査1では大学生228名から収集された自由記述をKJ法で分類した。その結果、5カテゴリが抽出され、結果をもとに30項目からなる仮尺度が作成された。調査2では大学生171名に仮尺度への回答を求めた。因子分析の結果、21項目3因子(「関係維持」、「印象管理」、「自己肯定」)からなる他者配慮の理由尺度が作成された。尺度は一定の信頼性と妥当性が確認された。また性差が見られ、男性に比べて女子で得点が高かった。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6566
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