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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6619

Title: Tanzan Ishibashi—Portrait of a Journalist,Economist and Statesman
Authors: Masuda, Hiroshi
増田, 弘
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2018
Publisher: Rissho Uiniversity
Abstract: Tanzan Ishibashi has long been known as a journalist, economist, and statesman of Japan’s Meiji, Taisho, and Showa periods, but in recent years he has become appreciated anew as a liberal journalist and thinker. Prior to the war, Tanzan touted “Little Japanese-ism” and was highly critical of the “Large Japanese-ism” being advanced by the government and military. In other words, he denounced the policy of imperialism intent on territorial expansion and renounced colonization of places such as Manchuria, Korea, and Taiwan. Amid growing militarism, Tanzan and his magazine “Toyo Keizai Shinpo,” The Oriental Economist, were subjected to strong censorship starting in the 1930s, but he held fast to his isolated position on liberalism. When Tanzan moved from journalism to politics following World War II, he assumed the post of finance minister in the first Yoshida Cabinet. He promoted the “Ishibashi expansionary fiscal policy” based on Keynesian theory, but it came under fire from GHQ and Tanzan fell victim to a political purge. After returning to politics, he worked to expand Sino-Japanese trade relations as the minister of international trade and Industry (MITI) in the Hatoyama Cabinet. He later won the Liberal Democratic Party presidential elections and became prime minister, but stepped down shortly thereafter due to illness. If the Ishibashi Cabinet had been in power for a long period, or if Tanzan had not been purged as finance minister, post-war Japan might have followed an entirely different course.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6619
ISBN: 9784582474411
Appears in Collections:Vol.1 The Academic Pilgrimage to Sustainable Social Development

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