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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6630

Title: The Development of Rock-Cut Tombs in the Japanese Archipelago
Authors: Ikegami, Satoru
池上, 悟
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2018
Publisher: Rissho University
Abstract: The ruins of burial chambers cut into hillside slopes or bedrock have been found around the world. Notable examples include the rock-cut tombs in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings in the New Kingdom period, the underground Etruscan tombs in Italy dating back to the 8th to 1st century BC, underground rock-cut tombs across Central Asia, and the large cliff tombs constructed for Han dynasty nobility in China. Small burial chambers bored into hillside slopes, called rock-cut tombs, have also been found in the Japanese archipelago. Dating back to the end of and after the Kofun period, the rock-cut tombs in Japan share the same clustered quality as other tombs of this period. There was a hierarchical quality to the different types of tombs constructed during this era, which included large burial mounds, smaller burial mounds, and, the most common, rock-cut tombs with no accompanying burial mound. Burial mounds comprised stone rooms that served as the direct burial chamber for the remains and coffins made of boards. The configuration of rock-cut tombs was similar to that of the stone rooms in burial mounds. Large numbers of newer small graves may indicate clusters of tombs in which the group responsible for the local development of the area was buried. In addition, a large number of iron weapons are found among the goods buried in the rock-cut tombs in Japan, which indicates that the period in which they were built was one of tension.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6630
ISBN: 9784582474411
Appears in Collections:Vol.1 The Academic Pilgrimage to Sustainable Social Development

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