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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6678

Title: 男女関係における魅力と関係満足度
Other Titles: Attractiveness and Satisfaction in Male and Female Relationships
Authors: 川名, 好裕
KAWANA, Yoshihiro
Keywords: Male-female relationship
Issue Date: 30-Mar-2019
Publisher: 立正大学心理学研究所
Abstract:  The internet survey was conducted with 518 men and 606 women respondents, age from 20 to 49, all of them from the Tokyo and around areas. The respondents were asked on the most loving opposite- sex person, in daily life. The collected data were categorized into six types of relationships: friends, unrequited lovers, lovers, fiancées, marriage partners, and extramarital partners.  Factor analysis was used to identify the elements of attractiveness, which resulted in the extraction of four factors: aesthetic attractiveness, social position and wealth, interpersonal attractiveness and social attractiveness. The three-way( sex, age generation, relationship with the partner) multivariate analysis of variance was performed using factor scores of attractiveness as the dependent variables.  As a result of the analysis, men seemed to have a relationship with the female partners with high aesthetic and interpersonal attractiveness in many types of relationship. On the other hand, women showed the tendency to have a relationship with men who have high social status and wealth as well as social attractiveness in many types of relationship. The study results revealed that the complementarity of attractiveness exists between men and women, both are attracted to a person who has different features which they do not possess. In a marriage relationship, the partner’s attractiveness scored the lowest. It was presumed that in marriage, people decide their partners by giving up much of the seeking attractiveness criterion. As a next step, the three-way( sex, age generation, relationship with the partner) multivariate analysis was performed on the satisfaction and happiness degree from the perspective of relationship. The results showed that the degree of satisfaction and happiness that come from the relationship were higher in order of prospective spouse( fiancé or fiancée), marriage partner, and lover. The levels of satisfaction and happiness in an extramarital relationship were significantly lower than that of a married couple.  We will continue to analyze contradictions between the results of attractiveness, satisfaction, and happiness degree. The emotional connection between partners was also studied and discussed from the perspective of“ giving and receiving love.”
 インターネット調査で男女関係のデータが収集された。調査参加者は、東京および隣接県の年齢20歳 ~49歳の男女からのサンプルで518名の男性と606名の女性であった。身近な最も親密な異性を想定して もらい、その関係が友達、片思い相手、恋人、婚約者、結婚相手、不倫相手の6 関係についてデータを 収集した。  各関係における異性パートナーの相手の魅力と自分の魅力とを測定し、因子分析の結果、美的魅力、 地位と富、対人的魅力、社会的魅力の4 つの因子を抽出し、これらの因子得点を目的変数として設定し、 比較変数としては、本人の性別、相手の年齢の年代、相手との関係の三元配置多変量分散分析を行い、 関係ごと、男女別、年代別に相手の魅力ごとに平均値を比較した。分析の結果、男性の相手は、多くの 関係で美的魅力と対人的魅力が高い女性の相手であった。女性の相手は、多くの関係で地位と富と社会 的魅力の高い相手であった。男女がお互い自分のもっていない魅力を相手に求めているという魅力の相 補性が確認された。男女とも結婚関係において、相手の魅力が最も低く、結婚相手というのは自分が相 手に望む魅力の多くを諦めて成立していると推定された。  次に関係満足度、関係幸福度について、性別、年代、相手との関係という三元配置多変量分散分析を 実行して平均値を比較した結果、関係満足度、関係幸福度とも婚約者が最も高く、次に結婚相手、恋人 相手の順であった。不倫関係は結婚関係より関係満足感、関係幸福感とも有意に低かった。今後、魅力 の結果と満足度、幸福度の結果の矛盾について引き続き分析がなされる予定である。相手への愛、相手 からの愛についても分析が行われ、考察がなされた。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11266/6678
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